Several international airspace regulations, frequently changing aviation mandates, and safety protocols make it very challenging for private aircraft owners. Typically, private aircraft owners leave matters of mandates and updates to their trusted pilots and aviation service providers. Professional agents or charter companies provide the international airspace permits.
However, it is very important to know the most fundamental international aviation mandates. The flight path of your aircraft is constantly monitored and must be regulated carefully. This also means you’re your airplane must have the right kind of aviation equipment. At Boca Aircraft Maintenance, LLC, we understand how important information is for safer airspaces. Though these are highly technical matters full of acronyms and industry jargon, we’ll try and simply them for you.
Aviation Mandates and Airspace Permits
If your aircraft isn’t up to date with international mandates, you won’t receive an airspace permit in regulated areas. Almost all continental and oceanic airspace is under a given national authority. In the US, it is the FAA. In Europe, the body is the EASA. Every aircraft within airspaces regulated by these authorities must comply with a given flight path and have the necessary aviation equipment.
Currently, the most important international airspace regulations and mandates include –
• A contemporary Collision Avoidance System. Currently, this is the TCAS / ACAS 7.1
• “Protected Mode” CPDLC, for communication between pilots and the ATC
• ADS-B (Out), which is the basic automated surveillance system under FAA regulations
• FANS – 1/A/+ or 2/B which is the current standard for oceanic navigation
• Single European Sky (SES) Datalink Services, also called EUROCONTROL Link 2000+
• Flight Data Recording (FDR) which preserves the recent history of each flight
• Cockpit Voice Recording (CVR) and Datalink Recording
• Underwater Locating Devices (ULD)s for post-disaster recovery
Though there are several other avionics systems and regulatory protocols that seasoned pilots and aviators know, these are the essential ones. Every aircraft owner should be aware of these factors, and how they qualify your plane for a specific airspace permit. These international aviation mandates are gradually bringing a set standard to how flights are managed across the world.
We will try to individually identify how these mandates and aviation equipment are important for a safe flight path and maintaining airspace regulations.
Aviation Mandates in Europe and USA
Airspace regulations are slightly different between Europe and USA. However, since these airspaces have more air traffic than anywhere else, they do have some common features when it comes to airspace permits. Typically, the EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency) implements aviation mandates or changes before the FAA (Federal Aviation Agency).
However, the EASA and FAA (as well as most South American and other Trans-Atlantic flight routes) have common required standards for navigation equipment. The mandatory equipment and communication systems for a land and oceanic flight path is different. But there is a certain standard that simplifies international flight navigation and permit protocols.
The Basic Aviation Equipment You Must Have for Safe Flights
The most critical feature of a safe flight is your TCAS/ACAS 7.1. It is also globally mandatory for all airspace regulations. TCAS stands for Traffic Alert & Collision Avoidance System, and ACAS stands for Airborne Collision Avoidance Systems. The latest 7.1 edition has been the standard since 2014, and it has greatly reduced the risk of collision in congested air traffic routes.
Properly configured TCAS aviation equipment will use sensory information and onboard computing to identify an intruder within your designated airspace. TCAS systems can also use ADS-B information to speed up the time it takes for an aircraft to identify an intruder in its flight path and airspace.
Airspace Permits and Equipment for Oceanic Routes
The current aviation mandates for Ocean flight navigation is FANS – 1/A/+ for all aircraft. This navigation system uses long-range VHF and ACARS to report on an aircraft’s locations and flight path. The CPDLC satellite datalink keeps the ATC and pilots better aware of the airspace, and the weather conditions within the designated route. It is currently mandatory for Pacific or Trans-Atlantic flights. The Indian Ocean territory has also adopted FANS compatible systems.
FANS-1/A/+ will soon be mandatory over land routes as well. Since properly configured FANS equipment allow aircrafts to fly within closer distances, the navigation is much more precise and safer. FANS also help determine a shorter, and more economical flight path. Therefore, the proper FANS aviation equipment is vital for all aircraft flying at 10,000 ft and above.
Common Airspace Regulations for Europe and USA Airspace
The most important feature of getting airspace permits for EASA routes is EUROCONTROL Link 2000+. The FAA contemporary is NextGen Systems. Both systems are a combination of aviation equipment, software, and communication standards update which have been in effect since the early 21st century.
The most important feature common to Link 2000+ and NextGen aviation mandates is ADS-B. This is satcom datalink and transponder system that automatically sends flight data to the ATC from the aircraft. Other ADS-B equipped aircraft crossing each other’s flight can also exchange messages to identify their range and location. ADS-B is currently implemented within EASA airspace regulations and will be mandatory for FAA airspace by 2020.
If you want to know more about aviation mandates and airspace permits, you should speak with experts at Boca Aircraft Maintenance, LLC. As one of the oldest and largest internationally certified flight maintenance firms in Florida, BAM provides all mandatory avionics upgrades and flight path permit services. Call them on __ today.